Artificial Intelligence and its Alliance with Mechanical Engineering

Artificial Intelligence and its Alliance with Mechanical Engineering
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Artificial Intelligence has already become an essential part of our lives. Several sectors like Politics, Media, and Engineering, etc. are capitalizing all of the capacity of Artificial Intelligence. Hence, we are consuming the services of AI in known or unknown ways.

Humans created Artificial Intelligence for us to imagine a healthy, secure, connected and creative future ahead. Mechanical Engineering plays a catalyst in the above process of Imagination. In today’s era, education courses are helping us to create people who can bring the distance of Humans and Machines closer. Which can help create new products, systems, and avenues.

Let us start from the basic,

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence, well-spoken as A.I is a unit of computer science that works towards creating and building smart appliances/machines which are capable of doing similar or more amount of work than human tendency. Work that requires human intelligence but can be done by Computer Science. A. I simulate and emulate a human’s behavioural pattern through machines.

Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering dealing with Design, construction and machines. Within this, a significant area which is related to Artificial Intelligence is Mechanical Design.

Mechanical Design comes to be a sub-set for Mechanical Engineering. 

In Mechanical Engineering Design, we can see the way toward concocting a part, framework or stream to meet desired/needed need. Here, we can see the amalgamation of Science and mathematics. Mechanical Design is a process to design the required component, system, or process, which is necessary to meet the final result. Mechanical Engineering – Mechanical Design and its relation with A.I is majorly used by a Product Design Company.

Artificial Intelligence and Mechanical Engineering.

The sector of Mechanical Engineering is the primary consumer of Artificial Intelligence as a technology. It is more than any other industry; it is consumed the most in Mechanical designs or engineering works. Sections of Mechanical Engineering like Robotics, Automation, or sensor technology, uses Artificial Intelligence as a technology. So it is easy to say that Mechanical Engineering disseminates the application and use of AI in the eco-system. 

Benefits of AI for Mechanical Engineering

There are different areas where AI impacts the Mechanical Engineering process. The idea behind the work of AI remains the same. It performs activities without humans yet with increased tendency as compared to humans. It is prioritizing the automated part of work, where we feed the computer with data, and as per the command, the machine/process continues its function.

We can feel the impact of AI in different areas, such as: 

Manufacturing

Many processes in the manufacturing industry require Mechanical Engineering to be done with components, products, processes, etc. Artificial Intelligence is currently used in similar processes of Mechanical Engineering. Whether in Components, Products, or Processes. It is making sure about its presence being felt. There are many other processes and technologies which are becoming easy – fast and efficient with the help of Artificial Intelligence. Machine’s which can do more work than human tendency and that too with least effort of humans into it is the main goal here. When the above objective is achieved or worked upon, it will send serious implications to different areas of the sector. (And at some places, connections have already started affecting the scenarios) 

That’s what AI is impacting in the current era for the manufacturing industry. People of the sector are also scared off them losing the jobs.

Mechanical Design

Whenever we start the process of building a component/product/flow, the first step of it would be of Mechanical Design. Different sectors of services are provided through mechanical Design. To list the few as; Product Design, Machine Design, Mechanical Component Design, Tooling and Fixture Development, Mold Design, Casting Design. All are coming under the umbrella for Mechanical Design Services. A. I. can majorly impact Product Design Services when it comes to designing the concept, examining the product, and also during the manufacturing of the product. 

Big Data Storage and Usage through IT.

Data has proved its presence everywhere. Even the processes and function of Mechanical engineering requires the usage and storage of Data. When it comes to mechanical engineering, the primary area where Data is needed the most is machine learning. Yet another segment of mechanical engineering. Machine learning has changed the perception of the potential of mechanical engineering. It provides better efficiency/flexibility and quality of systems with the help of data, resulting in the improvement of processes and systems in mechanical engineering. It is one of the critical drivers of development for mechanical engineering. 

Coming back to the discussion of AI’s impact, Artificial Intelligence has a significant role in the increasing trend of Machine Learning. A. I has its comfort zone when it comes to relying on Huge Data and Large Algorithmic learnings. Machine learning, as discussed earlier, is dependent mostly on the constant generation of data and its analysis. A. I learn through those large sets of data and various commands that engineers might have to give in the first place. 

There are a few other ways where Artificial Intelligence does help during the process of Mechanical Engineering. Such as,

  • Stress Estimation of 3D Structures: Estimating the amount of stress while designing and manufacturing 3D structures.
  • Material Evaluation for different Services: Evaluating materials, its strength – durability – quality and helping in a more exceptional manufacturing process.
  • Structure Generation: While Generating a Structure, AI can help through its algorithms and data storage. It is making the process efficient and transparent.

As we discussed, the Impact of AI on mechanical engineering. There are both sides available to Artificial Intelligence: Good and Bad.

The Good Ones

  • A. I. can create a negligible amount of error, required that the programming is done in the best possible way. Compared to A. I, Humans have a probability of creating more errors in the work.
  • Compared to Human Speed, it is much faster w.r.t. Work.
  • A. I. lessens the amount of risk attached to the functioning and decision-making process. Through its algorithms and data, it is created to choose only the best possible result.

The Bad Ones

  • AI reduces the risk attached to work through its attributes of data and algorithms. But the same process eradicates the Human element attached to the entire process. Resulting in an impact on Moral of the employees.
  • AI lacks creativity.
  • The judgment process of AI is not dynamic, i.e., according to situations. It might not give the best possible output in a condition of Natural Calamity, Disaster, or any on-ground damage.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence isn’t a long listed dream anymore. More and more industries are taking advantage of it and providing some fantastic results that can help human eco-system. Yes, AI might affect an industry’s HR by eradicating the least essential employee. Yes, it might kill the human element attached to the process. Yet, against all of it, it is helping our generation to imagine an entirely new world by impacting the different fields. 

It is a Superpower. If it is not used with maturity and responsibility, it has all the possibility to backfire us. Remember the Avengers?


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Written By:
Bhagwati Pathak
Bhagwati Pathak is an Executive Director at Tesla Outsourcing Services. Technical Project Management, BIM, Client Management, and Leadership are her forte. With an expertise in BIM and a flair for writing, her articles provide a direction to contractors, sub-contractors, engineers, and architects in employing the right methodology for an Architectural, Structural, or MEP CAD / BIM project.